Sunday, 4th August 2019, 8.00pmOrchestra del Teatro Comunale di Bologna
Conductor Pietari Inkinen

Belvedere di Villa Rufolo

Sunday, 4th August 2019
Orchestra Italia
Belvedere di Villa Rufolo, 8.00pm
Orchestra del Teatro Comunale di Bologna
Conductor Pietari Inkinen
Music by Respighi, Rimsky-Korsakov, Stravinskij
Unique seat € 50


Ottorino Respighi
The birds, suite for small orchestra P.154
Preludio: Allegro moderato (Bernardo Pasquini) – The dove: Andante espressivo (Jacques de Gallot) – The hen: Allegro vivace (Jean-Philippe Rameau) – The nightingale: Andante mosso (English anonymouse) – The cuckoo: Allegro (Bernardo Pasquini)

Fountains of Rome, symphonic poem P.106
The Fountain of Valle Giulia at Dawn (Andante mosso) – The Triton Fountain in the Morning (Vivo-un poco meno allegretto-più vivo, gaiamente) – The Trevi Fountain at Noon (Allegro moderato-allegro vivace-più vivace-largamente-calmo) – The Villa Medici Fountain at Sunset (Andante-meno mosso-andante come prima)

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Sadko: Tableau musical, op.5

Igor Stravinsky
The Firebird, suite n.2
Introduction – The Firebird and its Dance – Variations of the Firebird – Khorovod (Round Dance) of the Princesses- Infernal Dance of King Kaschej – Berceuse and Finale


Sadko (1867) by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) is the first Russian symphonic poem, along with Modest Musorgsky’s Night on Bald Mountain. The subject was suggested to the composer by the critic Vladimir Stassov: it tells of the legendary seaman bard who, dragged by the king of the sea into the abyss, unleashes with his music a submarine bacchanal. Almost thirty years later, Rimsky used the material of the symphonic poem to write an opera on the same subject, after having re-orchestrated it in 1892. Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936) perfected himself at Rimskij-Korsakov’s school when he was the first viola at Imperial Theatre of St. Petersburg. Respighi became one of the most admirable orchestrators of his time whether he transcribed pre-existing music as in the suite Gli Uccelli (The Birds) (1928), music from the 16th and 17th centuries for harpsichord or lute in which the singing of birds was stylized, freely translated with all the contributions of modern orchestra; or also when he conceived an original symphonic poem, like the most famous of the so-called Roman trilogy, I Pini di Roma (Roman pines) (1924), which are only a graceful label and stand for Villa Borghese, a catacomb, the Janiculum, the Appian Way, and in turn they are children who dance and pretend to be soldiers, the catacombs are suspended psalmodies, the Janiculum is a full moon, and the Appian Way are ghosts of Roman legions marching towards the Capitol. Also Igor ‘Stravinski (1882-1971) always had high regard and gratitude for his teacher Rimsky-Korsakov, as demonstrated by the closeness between the ballet that made him an international celebrity, L’Oiseau de feu (1910), first great commission of the Ballets Russes by Djagilev and the fairy tale opera The Golden Cockerel, a posthumous masterpiece of the elderly Russian composer.


Pietari Inkinen
In September 2017 Pietari Inkinen became Chief Conductor of the Deutsche Radio Philharmonie Saarbruecken. Inkinen is also Chief Conductor of the Japan Philharmonic Orchestra, a post he has held since the beginning of the 16-17 season, and Chief Conductor of the Prague Symphony Orchestra and the Ludwigsburg Schlossfestspiele, posts he took up in 2015.
Recent and future highlights include debuts with the Pittsburgh Symphony, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Gurzenich Orchestra, NDR Hamburg, SWR Stuttgart and Budapest Festival Orchestra. 2017/2018 also featured the continuation of a complete Ring Cycle in concert with the Japan Philharmonic, as well as returns to the BBC Philharmonic and Finnish Radio Symphony orchestras. He also conducted the Finnish National Opera in their Independence Day 100th Anniversary Gala followed by a production of Madame Butterfly. The Finnish celebrations were also marked with performances of several recently-composed Finnish works including the world premieres of Rautavaara´s final completed symphonic work “In the Beginning” and a new work by Olli Vertaperko.
In previous seasons Inkinen has also conducted RSB Berlin, Staatskapelle Berlin, Munich Philharmonic, La Scala Philharmonic, Orchestra of Santa Cecilia, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Rotterdam Philharmonic, Israel Philharmonic, Bavarian Radio Symphony, Vienna Radio Symphony, BBC Symphony, City of Birmingham Symphony, Spanish National Orchestra, Helsinki Philharmonic, Swedish Radio Symphony, Orchestra Verdi Milan and Oslo Philharmonic as well as the Staatskapelle Dresden and the Leipzig Gewandhaus.
In autumn 2018 Inkinen returns to Melbourne to conduct Die Meistersinger, following his acclaimed performances in 2016 of Wagner´s Der Ring des Nibelungen, directed by Neil Armfield. This is the production which in August 2014 inspired Australia´s Helpmann Awards, recognising artistic excellence throughout Australia´s vibrant performing arts scene, to vote Inkinen as the award winner for Best Music Direction for Opera Australia´s Ring Cycle. The 2016 revival garnered Inkinen a further Green Room award for Best Conductor (Opera).
Other opera engagements have included the Finnish National Opera, La Monnaie in Brussels, Staatsoper in Berlin and the Bayerische Staatsoper in Munich. He has conducted Wagner´s Walkure and Das Rheingold in Palermo’s Teatro Massimo for which he was awarded Italy´s National Association of Music Critics´ Franco Abbiati Prize for “Best Show” for Das Rheingold. He also conducted performances of a highly successful new production of Eugene Onegin at the Dresden Semperoper.
From 2008 to 2016 Pietari was Music Director of the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra where he now holds the title of Honorary Conductor. During his tenure, the orchestra rose to new levels with a highly acclaimed European tour, as well as the recording of a complete cycle of Sibelius Symphonies for Naxos. This, and other recordings for Naxos, including the premiere recording of Rautavaara´s Manhattan Trilogy and a further live Sibelius Cycle recorded with the Japan Philharmonic Orchestra in Suntory Hall, have been widely acclaimed. Inkinen has a large number of other recording credits, including Wagner arias and orchestral pieces with Simon O´Neill and the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra for EMI, which earned a rare double five-star review from BBC Music Magazine, and the Shostakovich Cello Concerto and Britten Cello Symphony with Johannes Moser for Haenssler.
Also an accomplished violin soloist, Inkinen studied at the Cologne Music Academy with Zakhar Bron, winning various awards and prizes for his solo work, before taking further studies in conducting at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki. He continues to enjoy play-directing and performing chamber music with his regular musical partners.


With its long-standing tradition, the Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna has been led by Musical Directors like Sergiu Celibidache, ZoltánPeskó, Vladimir Delman, Riccardo Chailly, Daniele Gatti, Michele Mariotti. Some of the conductors who have worked with the ensemble include Gary Bertini, Myung-Whun Chung, James Conlon, Pinchas Steinberg, Valery Gergiev, Eliau Inbal, Vladimir Jurowskij, Daniel Oren, Peter Maag, Neville Marriner, Kurt Masur, Riccardo Muti, Mstislav Rostropovič, Esa Pekka Salonen, Georg Solti, Christian Thielemann, Charles Dutoit, Georges Prêtre. The Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale is often invited abroad (The Netherlands, Romania, Spain, France, and Switzerland) and has played in many prestigious festivals (Amsterdam 1987, Parma 1990, Wiesbaden 1994, Santander 2004 and 2008, Aix en Provence 2005, Savonlinna 2006, Macao 2013, Muscat 2015, Guanajuato in Mexico 2017, Paris 2018). A special connection  with Japan has brought to several tours, including the tour in June 2019 in Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama, Fukuoka, with performances of Rigoletto directed by Alessio Pizzech, and of Il Barbiere di Siviglia directed by Federico Grazzini.
Its numerous recordings include La Favorite conducted by Richard Bonynge; Oberto Conte di San Bonifacio conduted by Zoltán Peskó, Il Barbiere di Siviglia conducted by Giuseppe Patané, La Fille du Régiment conducted by Bruno Campanella, Le Maschere and La Bohème conducted by Gianluigi Gelmetti, La Scala di Seta conducted by Gabriele Ferro, Macbeth, Manon Lescaut, Rigoletto, La Cenerentola, Messa Solenne, and the video production of Vespri siciliani and Giovanna d’Arco and Werther conducted by Riccardo Chailly, Armide conducted by  Daniele Gatti, Simon Boccanegra conducted by Michele Mariotti.
The Orchestra, conducted by Michele Mariotti, has recorded a CD under the label Decca with sacred arias sung by Juan Diego Flórez, and an album under Sony with Romantic arias sung by Nino Machaidze. Under Deutsche Grammophon the Orchestra recorded Le Comte Ory with Flórez, and La Nuit de Mai – a selection or arias and songs by Leoncavallo – with Placido Domingo. Under the label PENTATONE it recently released a CD containing overtures by Rossini, to celebrate 150 years since the death of the composer.
In March 2013 the artistic ensembles of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, led by Michele Mariotti, opened the IV International Festival Mstislav Rostropovich in Moscow, where they performed Verdi’s Messa da Requiem. In October 2015, again with Michele Mariotti on the podium, they opened the Lingotto Music Festival at the Auditorium Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, where they performed Stabat Mater by Rossini, and his Overture and Ballet Music from Guillaume Tell.
After working with the Rossini Opera Festival for nearly thirty years (from 1988 to 2016), the year 2017 brought new collaborations between the Teatro Comunale di Bologna and the Verdi Festival in Parma, where the Orchestra performed, among other productions, the Stiffelio directed by Graham Vick. Staged at the Teatro Farnese, the show was highly appreciated by audience and critics alike and was granted the Special Prize at the 37th edition of the “Franco Abbiati” Critics award. The Orchestra’s engagements with the Verdi Festival for the Fall of 2019 include Luisa Miller at the Chiesa di San Francesco del Prato in Parma, and Aida at the Teatro Verdi in Busseto.
The Teatro Comunale’s 2018 production of La Bohème staged by Graham Vick received the Abbiati Award as best show.